Angina or acute tonsillitis is one of the most common infectious diseases in children. It would seem that the symptoms should be well known, but not always, parents and even doctors are able to distinguish it from the usual SARS. Meanwhile, a sore throat – it is a serious illness. Without proper treatment, it can lead to many dangerous complications.
Symptoms of angina in a child
The main symptom of tonsillitis in children is a sore throat. When SARS child coughs, but the pain usually does not complain, but the mouth with angina may sadnit really hard, especially when swallowing. Additional symptoms – high fever, weakness, chills, headache. On examination revealed that the submandibular lymph nodes are enlarged and painful, and the tonsils (tonsils) red and covered with bloom. But it is not always possible to see signs of their own tonsils. Throat must look audiologist, and with a special flashlight.
Causes of tonsillitis
Acute tonsillitis can cause a wide variety of viruses, fungi and bacteria: adenovirus, herpes virus, staphylococci, and many others. But more often (more than half of the cases) becomes a cause of β-hemolytic streptococcus. The infection is spread by airborne droplets, and sometimes nutritional way. Talked with a sick child is a classmate – and now he was ill. However, angina may develop after hypothermia and the associated fall immunity. Media streptococcus around enough, so the bacterium can be present for a long time in the body of the child. It did not manifest itself until not develop favorable conditions for the development of the disease. Sometimes, tonsillitis and develops as a complication after suffering SARS.
Untreated tonsillitis sometimes turns into a chronicle. Other possible complications – any inflammatory diseases of upper respiratory tract, purulent inflammation of the lymph nodes and throat abscess. The infection can spread into the cranial cavity, or thorax, and get into the blood stream, resulting become such dangerous diseases such as meningitis and septicemia mediastenit respectively. Organs may suffer even seemingly loosely associated with a sore throat: myocarditis, rheumatism and rheumatoid arthritis, glomerulonephritis, too, belong to the complications of angina.
Treatment of sore throat in children
Treatment of sore throat in children necessarily involves receiving antibacterial agents. Compresses and rinses in this case, can not shake. You should not, by the way, to interrupt a course of antibiotics prescribed by your doctor, in the middle, even if the child was better. Foci of infection, it is important to eliminate completely. Additionally apply rinse with soda, sage, calendula. Also usually prescribe antihistamines to relieve swelling. Angina is often accompanied by severe intoxication, so it is important that your child drink plenty of liquids.
First, you need to protect the child from communicating with the already sick children. But it is crucial to eliminate potential sources of infection within the body and not run caries and chronic respiratory diseases. Time to treat diseases associated with the violation of nasal breathing. When the child breathes the mouth, larynx mucous cools and dries, and this is another risk factor for the development of angina. Parents should monitor their own health and, to treat chronic tonsillitis, if there is one (and it is not uncommon), because the child often becomes infected with β-hemolytic streptococcus is the family.