Carbohydrates, fats and proteins, breaking the body into more simple in their chemical structure material, free energy required for operation of all organs and maintain a constant body temperature. Especially a lot of energy is spent at work the muscles, which is accompanied by enhanced dissolution in an organism more complex chemical compounds into simpler.
Therefore, the destruction of proteins, especially carbohydrates and fat in the body will be more people who move more, who are engaged in manual labor and sports. The average healthy adult, if the work is not associated with significant muscular work should be a day to get about 100 grams of protein, the same amount of fat and 4-5 times more, i.e. E. 400-500 grams of carbohydrates.
Those who are engaged in manual labor and sports need more protein, fat and carbohydrates.
Harmful effect to health, not only insufficient, but also an excessive power, which leads to excessive deposition of fat to obesity.
At home, we usually do not count how many grams of various nutrients found in our food, and set the amount of food, guided primarily their appetite, satiety, habits. However, we may be wrong, and there is less or more than you need. Therefore, it is desirable from time to time to check your weight, the results of this test, in some cases, we will point to insufficient or excessive food.
Desired ratio between proteins, fats and carbohydrates are recognized as follows: 1 g protein should account for 1 gram of fat and 4.5 grams of carbohydrates.
Increasingly one can observe that in the early years there is a tendency to obesity, t. E. To excess fat deposits in the body. In such cases it is necessary to limit the amount of carbohydrates mainly in food, as in the body, they easily pass to fat; We need to eat less sweets, cereals.